Three out of four Americans have some form of gum disease. Otherwise known as periodontal disease, it is an autoimmune response to specific bacteria.
Gum disease starts by the loss of bone around the teeth, in which the teeth become loose because there is no supportive bone in order to hold the teeth in place. This, in turn, creates pockets between the gums and the teeth in which this anaerobic bacteria will then live and allow the disease to progress. This happens when the pockets around the teeth become approximately 5mm in depth.
How Do You Contract Gum Disease?
This disease can be passed from site to site, person to person, so it is very important that this disease be under control, to avoid passing on and having it progress to the point where it can cause irreversible damage. This is why early treatment of gum disease can help keep more progressive problems from occurring. This and the fact that studies have shown a correlation between gum disease and cardiovascular disease, premature births, and other concerns throughout one's body.
How Does Thirty Two & You Treat Gum Disease?
For individuals with gum disease, we start treating it in a non-surgical format first. We anesthetize the patient and numb the area before going in to clean the pockets and remove the bacteria. Then we use an antimicrobial rinse, which we also give t the patient to take home and use twice a day.
After a few weeks with proper use, we see the patient again to check progress. Our home is that after a few weeks, the pockets between the teeth and gums have reduced to 2–3mm. This helps reduce inflammation and return the patient to a state where they can take control of the disease. If this does not work, we will complete minor periodontal surgery. In this procedure, we remove some tissue and manually reduce the pockets, which helps eliminate the anaerobic bacteria causing the gum disease.